nostro account definition: What is a Nostro Account? Forex Glossary


Only the value of foreign currency notes/ encashed TCs exported through the specific bank and realized can be credited to the account. AMCs should submit to the office of the Reserve Bank which has issued the license, a monthly consolidated statement for all its offices in respect of sale and purchase of foreign currency notes in form FLM 8 so as to reach not later than the 10th of the succeeding month. Franchisees should surrender foreign currency notes, coins and travellers’ cheques purchased only to their franchisers within seven working days.

international trade

For both nostro and vostro accounts, the domestic bank (i.e., the bank that is holding the account) acts as the caretaker for the account and is sometimes referred to as the “facilitator” bank. Nostro accounts differ from standard demand deposit bank accounts in that they are usually held by financial institutions, and they are denominated in foreign currencies. A Nostro account is a bank account that a bank holds with a foreign bank in the domestic currency of the country where the funds are held. A nostro account and a vostro account actually refer to the same entity but from a different perspective. For example, Bank X has an account with Bank Y in Bank Y’s home currency. To Bank X, that is a nostro, meaning “our account on your books,” while to Bank Y, it is a vostro, meaning “your account on our books.” These accounts are used to facilitate international transactions and to settle transactions that hedge exchange rate risk.

SEBI (Foreign Portfolio Investors) Regulations: Meaning and Recent Amendments

To reconcile the entries posted in nostro mirror and the Vostro account , banks used to upload the statements received from other bank in their system. Based on the identical rule system will automatically match the relevant entries against mirror account entries. Suppose the State Bank of India or SBI wants to open a Nostro Account in the USA, it would get in touch with any bank in the USA like Bank of America, and the Bank of America will open an account and accept payment for SBI in dollars. Nostro and Vostro account basically refer to two different terms that are used to denote one single account by two different banks. Let us learn about the differences between the Nostro and Vostro accounts. Payment of such drafts shall be made by debit to this account maintained by the Exchange House and not to the Nostro Account of the AD Category-I bank.

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Our Goods & Services Tax course includes tutorial videos, guides and expert assistance to help you in mastering Goods and Services Tax. ClearTax can also help you in getting your business registered for Goods & Services Tax Law. CFI is the official provider of the Commercial Banking & Credit Analyst ™ certification program, designed to transform anyone into a world-class financial analyst. For example, assume that Bank X maintains an account in Bank Y’s home currency. To Bank X, the account will be treated as a Nostro account, while Bank Y will treat the account as a Vostro account. Therefore, Nostro account of HDFC bank will be debited on the clearance date of DD.

A Nostro account is an account maintained by a domestic bank with a foreign bank in foreign currency. AMCs may put through transactions relating to foreign currency notes and travellers’ cheques at rates of exchange determined by market conditions and in alignment with the ongoing market rates. The sale of foreign currency notes and coins within the overall entitlement of foreign exchange should be restricted to the limits prescribed by the Reserve Bank from time to time for the country of visit of the traveller. While making payments in Indian Rupees to resident customers towards purchase of foreign currency notes and/ or Travellers’ Cheques payment can be made in cash / by way of ‘Account Payee’ cheque / demand draft/ loading in INR debit cards, as per prescribed limits. Authorised Money Changers / franchisees may freely purchase foreign currency notes, coins and travellers cheques from residents as well as non-residents.

Nostro Account vs. Vostro Account: What’s the Difference?

For example, an Indian bank authorized to deal in foreign exchange maintain an account with overseas bank in USA in US Dollar such account maintained in the foreign currency at foreign center by Indian bank is said as ‘Nostro Account’. So, the ‘Nostro Account’ of the Indian bank with its branch/correspondents in USA is said as ‘Our Accounts with You’. Open a trading account with AvaTradeAn account is said to be a financial entity when it holds one or more foreign currencies. When a particular bank holds its foreign exchange trading account in a particular country in his local currency or the national currency of that country then it is known as a nostro account.

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Any person who is residing in India can open, hold and maintain a foreign account. ‘Person Resident in India’ is defined under Section 2 of the Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999 . Foreign Currency Account is a transactional account denominated in a currency other than the home currency and can be maintained by a bank in the home country or a bank in another country . Once you open your nostro account, they will provide you with a debit card, which you will use to fund your account.

Introduction to Nostro Account

This is similar to an individual keeping a detailed record of every payment in and out of his or her bank account so that she/he knows the balance at any point in time. A bank ‘A’ in India has an account with Bank ‘Q’ in Australia, for example. And the currency in bank A’s bank account in Bank Q is maintained in Australian Dollars. This account with Bank Q is what is called a Nostro Account for Bank A. Such accounts are most commonly seen in Exim related banks that oversee a lot of overseas transactions and in large amounts. Due to the existence of a Nostro account, transactions within the country initiated by bank A become simpler, just as if it’s a regular transfer of funds from one account to another.

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  • No FFMC shall carry on money changing business at any additional place of business other than its permanent place of business except with the prior approval of the Reserve Bank.
  • What Mrs. Coppola explains is that the identical sum of money that was going to be used to fund a forex account in another bank shall be used to purchase the XRP and pay the opposite establishment.

An example of such an account would be HSBC vostro account is held by SBI in India. Exports goods to a Russian buyer worth ₹10 lakh, then the Indian bank will debit the Russian bank’s vostro account and the transaction will be squared up. The Nostro account is the record maintained by the bank that has money deposited with another bank. Let’s say a customer approaches a U.S. bank wanting to open a European bank account. The account will be treated as a Nostro account for the U.S. bank and a Vostro account for the European bank.

In other words, If a domestic bank who possess a bank account in foreign bank clear the due of foreign trade on the behalf of third party banks then this is called Loro account transactions. While nostro comes from the Latin ours, vostro is from the Latin for yours. So let’s say a large US bank has an account with a major bank in the UK, held in the local currency, pounds. From the perspective of the US bank, that account is a nostro account – our account held on your books.


Vostro account refers to the account that is held by a bank which allows customers to deposit money on behalf of another bank. This account helps in simplifying foreign exchange transactions as well as trade settlements. The transactions between authorized dealers and FFMCs should be settled by way of account payee crossed cheques / demand drafts. Taking out foreign exchange in any form, other than foreign exchange obtained from an authorized dealer or a money changer is prohibited unless it is covered by a general or special permission of the Reserve Bank.

Examples of Nostro Account in a sentence

The transit nostro account definition may be reduced by 2 to 3 days by sending the cheques the same day from branches to centralised pooling branch and centralised pooling branch to Correspondent Banks. However, banks have also been advised to explore using faster methods of realisation such as leveraging on Check-21 facility in the US for saving in transit time. A Nostro account is a mechanism that banks use to keep track of all funds being held in other banks in the currency of the country where the funds are held. The Nostro account is maintained in a foreign currency that can be converted for use in foreign exchange and foreign trades. An Indian dealer Mr. A want to pay amount in US dollars to the dealer in US for import of goods.

The foreign bank acts as an agent that provides services such as executing wire transfers, performing foreign exchange, enabling deposits, enabling withdrawals, expediting international trade on behalf of the domestic bank. Nostro accounts are usually held by banks and large corporations that are involved in international trade. By holding funds in another bank in a foreign currency, the bank can conduct international trade transactions and foreign exchange without having to convert its local currency into foreign currency.


A decision will be taken by the Reserve Bank regarding allowing the FFMC / non-bank AD Category – II to appoint franchisees. Verification of physical existence of location of the franchisee, where restricted money changing activities will be conducted. Copy of the latest audited accounts with a certificate from the Statutory Auditors certifying the Net Owned Funds as on the date of application. Copies of the audited Balance Sheet and Profit & Loss Account of the company for the last three years, wherever applicable.

Cheques denominated in currencies other than Indian Rupees such as Euro (€), Pound Sterling (£), US Dollar ($), Yen (¥), etc., are called foreign currency cheques. Foreign currency cheques include demand drafts, personal cheques, banker’s cheques, cashier’s cheques, traveller’s cheques, etc. Since such cheques are not payable in India they are, therefore, required to be sent to the country concerned for realization of proceeds. Vostro is a reference to “yours” and refers to “your money that is on deposit at our bank.” A vostro account is like any other account held by a bank. The account is a record of money owed to or maintained by a third party, typically another bank, but it can be either a company or an individual. Nostro and vostro are variations on the Latin words that mean “ours” and “yours,” respectively.

  • Nostro and vostro are variations on the Latin words that mean “ours” and “yours,” respectively.
  • So, the ‘Vostro Account’ of the foreign bank with Indian bank in India is said as ‘YOUR Accounts with Us’.
  • In this case CMB will make entries on several different accounts, such as a teller’s receiving account, or a clearing account with the third bank holding C’s account.
  • AMCs may export surplus foreign currency notes / encashed travellers’ cheques to an overseas bank through designated Authorized Dealer Category – I in foreign exchange for realization of their value through the latter.

The reverse period “vostro accounts,” derived from the Latin phrase for “yours,” is how a bank refers back to the accounts that different banks have on its books in its home forex. Nostro accounts are often held by banks, as well as bigger companies that engage in important amounts of worldwide trade. These entities might have nostro accounts in any nation that has a convertible forex, similar to anyplace in Europe, Japan, the United States, and the United Kingdom. For example, XYZ bank of USA maintains an account with a Bank in India in Indian Rupee such account maintained in the foreign currency at foreign center by Foreign bank is said as ‘Vostro Account’. So, the ‘Vostro Account’ of the foreign bank with Indian bank in India is said as ‘YOUR Accounts with Us’.

From Bank Q’s point of view, a vostro account is an account opened by foreign entity that keeps and maintains balance in the said account. Nostro accounts simplify the process of exchanging and trading in foreign currencies. Nostro accounts will be credit when the actual inflow of foreign currency exists whereas the account will be debit while actual outflow of foreign currency happens. To open an SRVA account, partnered countries’ banks will approach an authorized domestic dealer bank. Der Spiegel reported in September 2013 that the National Security Agency broadly displays banking transactions via SWIFT, in addition to credit card transactions. The NSA intercepted and retained knowledge from the SWIFT community utilized by 1000’s of banks to securely send transaction data.